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Question word question

 
 
A question word question asks for information about a particular part of the facts expressed in the question. Question words like wer, wann, wie, wieso, wohin, etc. are used to ask about this particular part (Wer geht weg? Wann gehst du weg?).

In contrast, a yes-no question asks if the entire facts expressed in the questions are true (Gehst du weg?).

Features
Question words 


Features

Question word questions have the following features:

Question word  Question word questions are introduced by a question word.
Verb position The finite verb comes second.
Verb form The finite verb is in the indicative or subjunctive II.
Intonation The voice can rise or fall at the end of the sentence.
Punctuation mark  Question mark

Examples

Was isst du?
Wann ist er in Frankfurt angekommen?
Wie könnte sich der Unfall zugetragen haben?



Question words

Question word questions are introduced by a question word. Question words are also called "w-words" because they all start with w.

Interrogative pronouns: wer, was, welche, was für ein
Pronominal adverbs: woran, wobei, wofür, wogegen, womit, wonach, wozu etc.
Interrogative adverbs: wo, woher, wohin; wann, wie lange, wie oft; wie; warum, weshalb, weswegen, wieso 

wer, was (and pronominal adverbs)

The interrogative pronoun wer is used to ask for information about people; was is used to ask for information about things, facts, etc.

Wer geht weg?
Wen habt ihr gesehen?
Wem hast du das Buch gegeben?
Wessen Buch ist das?
Mit
wem hast du geredet?
Für
wen habt ihr das gemacht?

Was geht hier vor?
Was hast du gesagt?
Wessen erinnert ihr euch noch?

In standard German, a pronominal adverb of the type wo(r)- is used instead of the construction 'preposition + was':

Womit hast du die Uhr repariert?  instead of: Mit was hast du die Uhr repariert?
Wofür brauchst du die Zange? instead of: Für was brauchst du die Zange?
Wonach riecht es hier? instead of: Nach was riecht es hier?

See Pronominal adverb for interrogative pronoun.

welcher, was für ein

The interrogative pronoun welcher is used to ask for information specifying one or more people or things from a definite set:

Welches (Bild) gefällt dir am besten?
Welcher Dummkopf hat die Tür nicht abgeschlossen?

The expression was für (ein) is used to ask for information about a quality, a property or a feature of someone or something:

Von was für einem Auto träumt er?
Was für Leute besuchen einen solchen Club?

Interrogative adverbs

Interrogative adverbs are used to ask for information about time (wann), place (where), cause (warum), manner (wie), etc.

Wann ist er angekommen?
Wo wohnen Sie?
Wie hast du das Fenster repariert?
Weshalb seid ihr nicht früher gekommen?







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