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The pronoun

 
 
Words like the following are called pronouns:

du, sich, mein, dieser, welcher, andere, kein, jemand, man

According to the classic definition, a pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

Pronouns allow the speaker/writer to avoid awkward repetitions of words and to show different relations to and between different nouns:

Die Mutter sagt ihrem Kind, dass es ihr helfen soll.
Ich will nicht dieses Buch, sondern das, von dem ihr mir gestern erzählt habt.

Most pronouns function as substitutes for nouns:

Der Hund bellt Er bellt.
Willst du ein Vanilleeis?   Nein, ich will ein anderes.

Certain pronouns can also be used as a determiner of a noun:

Dieser Hund bellt.
Ich will ein
anderes Eis.

Consult the descriptions of the individual pronouns to see if a pronoun can function as a substitute for a noun and as a determiner of a noun.

According to their meaning and function, the pronouns are divided into different classes: personal pronouns, possessive pronouns, reflexive pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, relative pronouns, interrogative pronouns and indefinite pronouns.

Pronouns can be inflected. Depending on their class and their position in the sentence, they are inflected like adjectives or like nouns. Some pronouns are invariable. The descriptions of the individual pronouns show the individual inflection tables.

Inflection  How are pronouns inflected?
Classes  What classes of pronouns are there?





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